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Introduction of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Earth and Planetary Sciences encompass the study of the Earth, its natural processes, materials, and interactions within the solar system and beyond. It explores the physical, chemical, geological, and biological aspects of the Earth and other planets, shedding light on the evolution and dynamics of planetary bodies.

Geology and Geochemistry

Investigating the composition, structure, and processes that shape the Earth’s crust, including the study of rocks, minerals, landforms, plate tectonics, and geological history.

Atmospheric and Climate Sciences

Analyzing the Earth’s atmosphere, weather patterns, climate change, and global climate systems to understand climate dynamics, climate modeling, and environmental impacts.

Oceanography and Hydrology

Studying Earth’s oceans, their physical properties, currents, marine life, and the distribution and movement of water on the planet, including groundwater and surface water systems.

Planetary Science and Astrobiology

Focusing on the study of other planets, moons, and celestial bodies in our solar system and beyond, along with the potential for life beyond Earth (astrobiology) and the exploration of exoplanets.

Natural Hazards and Disaster Management

Investigating natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, landslides, and assessing the risks associated with these events, along with strategies for disaster preparedness, mitigation, and response.

Earth and Planetary Sciences

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