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Introduction of Physics and Astronomy

Physics and Astronomy are fundamental scientific disciplines that explore the fundamental principles governing the natural world. Physics encompasses the study of matter, energy, forces, and their interactions, while Astronomy focuses on celestial bodies, the universe’s structure, and its evolution.

Classical Mechanics

Studies the motion of objects and the forces acting upon them, analyzing the laws formulated by Newton and the principles of energy, momentum, and rotational dynamics.

Quantum Physics

Explores the behavior of matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic scales, including quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, and quantum phenomena such as superposition and entanglement.


Investigates the fundamental principles governing electric and magnetic fields, electromagnetic waves, and the behavior of charged particles, based on Maxwell’s equations and electromagnetic theory.

Astrophysics and Cosmology

Focuses on understanding the properties, formation, and evolution of celestial objects and the structure and dynamics of the universe, including topics such as black holes, galaxies, the Big Bang, and dark matter.

Optics and Astronomy Instrumentation

Examines the study of light, its properties, behaviors, and applications, including the design and use of instruments such as telescopes and spectroscopes in astronomy for observation and data collection.



Physics and Astronomy

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